Dental Problems and Their Treatments

Dental Problems and Their Treatments
  • Opening Intro -

    All of us want healthy teeth and gums, as it also helps boost our confidence.

    However, most of us suffer from various oral and dental issues, such as cavities and bad breath.

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These and more dental problems can be easily prevented by brushing twice a day, flossing daily, eating a healthy diet, and going for regular dental check-ups.

Also, educating yourself about dental problems and their treatments is a step towards prevention.

  • Tooth Decay:

    It occurs when plaque combines with sugars or starch from food and produces an acid that attacks the tooth enamel. Tooth decay can occur at any age, and the best way to prevent it is by flossing and brushing regularly.

    Avoiding high sugar snacks and drinks and eating healthy are also means of preventing tooth decay.

  • Periodontal Disease:

    Also known as gum disease, it is an infection around your teeth that causes adult tooth loss. Symptoms of the same include bad breath, sensitive teeth, and pain in chewing.

    Treatment includes cleaning the pockets around teeth to prevent damage to the surrounding bone, while advanced cases might require surgery. Antibiotics are prescribed when the disease is in its initial stages.

  • Oral Cancer:

    Oral cancer is a deadly disease that affects millions of people, commonly after the age of 40. The biggest risk factors of the same are consumption of tobacco & alcohol and human papillomavirus (HPV).

    Regular visits to the dentist can help with timely detection. Radiation therapy, Chemotherapy, and targeted drug therapy are the most effective treatments for the same.

  • Tooth Erosion:

    Tooth erosion comprises the loss of tooth structure and is caused by acid attacking the enamel. Symptoms of tooth erosion range from sensitivity to cracking of teeth.

    However, proper oral care and hygiene can prevent the same. Bonding is a treatment wherein two-colored resin is applied to the stained or damaged teeth, which can cover up discolorations and protect your tooth.

  • Sensitive Teeth:

    Your teeth can become sensitive to hot or cold foods & drinks when the enamel is worn-off, leaving the dentin exposed. The dentin consists of tubes that lead to the nerve deep inside the tooth, as a result of which these substances can travel to the nerve and cause intense pain.

Treatments for sensitive teeth include mouthwashes and toothpaste, as well as fluoride treatments. In some cases, a crown, gum graft, or root canal may be recommended.

Image Credit: dental problems and their treatments by envato.com

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