Types of Construction Equipment for a Project

Types of Construction Equipment for a Project
  • Opening Intro -

    Construction and industrial projects require lots of heavy equipment. One of the troubles with this is knowing which equipment piece does what job. With so many to choose from, it can be confusing knowing what vehicle or machine does what.

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Still, knowing the different types of construction equipment for a project is important to completing any construction task smoothly and efficiently. These are some of the most common heavy equipment machines used in construction today.

Backhoe Loader

Backhoe loaders are responsible for digging holes, landscaping, breaking asphalt, paving roads, or transporting building materials. It has the body of a farm tractor with an adjustable shovel in the front and a small bucket in the back. Since they are wheel-driven, backhoes are usable in urban environments.

Excavator

These consist of a boom, dipper, bucket, and cab on a rotating platform. Its cab can rotate a full 360 degrees. Excavators use tracks to move on. Many industries use excavators for different purposes, from digging trenches and holes, handling materials, forestry, coal mining, pile driving, and demolition. If needed, drivers can fit specialty attachments for any job.

Cranes

There are many different types of cranes used in construction projects today. Some of the most common are the all-terrain crane, tower crane, and aerial cranes. While all these cranes have their own uses, a crane’s overall purpose is to lift heavy load or materials. They typically use a boom and hydraulic system for steady lifting. All-terrain cranes are the most common ones used today and have many advantages. Their mobility and versatility allow for road and job site travel while still lifting heavy loads. Tower cranes and aerial cranes provide the same function but are used for high, hard-to-reach areas, such as skyscrapers.

Bulldozer

Bulldozers travel along job sites on tracks or wheels and have a large plow or blade attachment. These are designed for equal weight distribution to travel along course terrain. They are used to push soil, sand, or dirt around. Small bulldozers are used for heavy snowplow removal.

Dump Truck

Dump trucks are designed for transporting bulk materials. Aside from the main cab, it has a large, open-faced body to hold materials. Dump trucks travel on large wheels in order to handle rough terrain and to carry heavy loads with ease.

Grader

These heavy machines are used for constructing roads. They level the soil using a horizontal blade situated between the front and back wheels. While the machine is operating, the blade lowers to ground level. Additionally, they can be used to remove snow or dirt from roads, remove unnecessary dirt or soil from the ground, and flatten the soil surface before a paver lays asphalt.

Paver

Asphalt pavers lay asphalt on even road surfaces. A dump truck transfers the materials to the paver where it goes through a hopper, auger, and screed. Pavers only provide minor compaction, so a roller is required to fully compact the asphalt.

Roller

Road rollers are used to compact soil, concrete, gravel, or asphalt on surfaces, building foundations, landfills, or in agriculture.

image credit: Pixabay

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